resistant Staphylococcus aureus after cataract surgery
He presented 6 days postoperatively with left converse shoes hypopyon and visual acuity (VA) of 6 He received subconjunctival gentamicin and oral ciprofloxacin. His vision dropped to hand movements (HM) before intravitreal antibiotic (vancomycin injection on 25 June. The vitreous specimen did not show pus cells and no organisms could be grown on culture. However, the eye rapidly improved and the VA was 6 by 2 July. A week later, the hypopyon recurred but inflammation resolved after another subconjunctival injection. Unfortunately, the hypopyon recurred for a third time on 30 July prompting a referral to our unit.
On 31 July, we found a 2 hypopyon, white deposits on the posterior capsule, vitreous cells and HM vision. The IOL and capsule were removed surgically and intravitreal ciprofloxacin and teicoplanin were injected. Culture of the capsular bag showed MRSA sensitive to teicoplanin but resistant to ciprofloxacin and gentamicin. Screening found MRSA in his nose and groins.
His corrected VA was 6 there were no further recurrences, and he is awaiting secondary IOL implantation.
Top of pageCommentThere have been previous reports of endophthalmitis caused by MRSA but not of low grade endophthalmitis with organisms confined to the capsular bag.2
The department of health in England estimates that 30 of the population are colonised by S. aureus and in 3 this is MRSA.3
Kato in 1998 found MRSA in 8 (1.3 of 628 patients from preoperative conjunctival swabs.4
MRSA usually causes mild disease such as blepharo conjuctivitis2 but sight threatening disease can occur including endophthalmitis, blebitis, and corneal ulcers.1 Patients often have ocular surface disease, converse shoes atopy, or a debilitating illness.5 Our patient had been previously hospitalis converse shoes ed for major bowel surgery.
Ophthalmologists need a higher index of suspicion particularly in risk individuals such as hospitalised elderly patients. Clinicians may need to re evaluate antibiotic regimens in endemic areas, keeping converse shoes in mind that MRSA remains susceptible to vancomycin and chloramphenicol but is often resistant to ciprofloxacin.2, 5